In the dynamic landscape of global manufacturing, India and Vietnam have emerged as significant players, attracting the attention of businesses seeking to diversify their production and supply chains. As the world’s focus shifts from traditional manufacturing hubs, such as China, these two countries have been steadily rising as alternative manufacturing sources.

The term “manufacturing source” takes on new dimensions when considering India and Vietnam’s potential. Let’s delve into how these nations are reshaping the manufacturing landscape and supporting North American businesses by reducing lead times, increasing delivery speed, and maintaining quality.

India & Vietnam The Best Manufacturing Source – Why?

A primary factor that makes India and Vietnam attractive as manufacturing sources is their competitive labor costs and availability. With a vast population, both countries offer a large labor pool, which translates to business cost advantages. India’s labor costs have long been recognized as significantly lower than those in developed countries, making it an appealing destination for labor-intensive manufacturing in India.

Conversely, Vietnam has witnessed a steady rise in its labor force’s skill levels, contributing to increased productivity and efficiency and a major reason for manufacturing companies moving from China to Vietnam.

Here are some relevant statistics: 

The literacy rate in India is 77.7% (Source: literacy rate in Vietnam is 97.75% (Source:
India’s minimum daily labor cost is $2.15 (Source: hourly labor cost in Vietnam is $2.99 (Source:
India has a population of 1.4 billion people (Source: has a population of 98 million people (Source:

Know About India and Vietnam Manufacturing

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Skilled Workforce and Technical Expertise

While labor costs are crucial, a skilled workforce is equally essential to drive manufacturing excellence. Both India and Vietnam have made substantial investments in education and vocational training, resulting in a workforce with diverse skill sets. With its robust IT and engineering sectors, India brings technical expertise to the manufacturing realm. Vietnam has also improved its technical education system, producing workers proficient in various manufacturing technologies.

Here are the relevant statistics:

  • India produces about 1.5 million engineers every year. (Source:
  • Vietnamese aged 35 to 39 had the greatest labor force participation rate in 2021, at nearly 90.3%. The lowest proportion was recorded by those between the ages of 15 and 19 (21.3%). (Source:

Manufacturing Sectors in India and Vietnam

India and Vietnam have demonstrated strengths in various manufacturing sectors, catering to a wide range of industries. India’s diverse manufacturing landscape spans automotive, pharmaceuticals, textiles, electronics, and more. Its capabilities in high-tech sectors, such as electronics and aerospace, are on the rise, aligning well with the demands of North American businesses seeking quality and innovation.

Vietnam has gained prominence in textiles, footwear, electronics, and furniture manufacturing industries. Furthermore, the country has attracted significant foreign direct investment in recent years, propelling its manufacturing growth and sophistication. This diverse sectoral presence allows businesses to find the right fit for their production needs.

Here are some relevant statistics:

India’s top manufacturing sectors are:

  • Automotive: $108 billion
  • Electronics: $140 billion
  • Textiles: $223 billion
  • Pharmaceuticals: $41 billion

Vietnam’s top manufacturing sectors are:

  • Textiles: $44 billion
  • Footwear: $20.78 billion
  • Electronics: $5 billion
  • Furniture: $1.40 billion

Government Support and Incentives

Both India and Vietnam recognize the pivotal role that manufacturing plays in their economic development. As a result, their respective governments have introduced favorable policies and incentives to attract businesses. India’s “Make in India” initiative aims to promote domestic manufacturing and position the country as a global manufacturing hub. Similarly, Vietnam offers tax incentives, streamlined regulatory processes, and special economic zones to encourage foreign investment in manufacturing.

Infrastructure and Connectivity

To be a reliable manufacturing source, robust infrastructure and connectivity are essential. India has been investing in enhancing its transportation networks, such as roads, ports, and railways, to facilitate the seamless movement of goods. Vietnam has also focused on improving its infrastructure, particularly in key industrial regions like Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi, ensuring efficient supply chain operations.

Ease of Doing Business and Regulatory Environment

Navigating regulatory frameworks can significantly impact a business’s decision to establish manufacturing operations in a new location. India has been working to simplify its business regulations and reduce bureaucratic hurdles through initiatives like “Ease of Doing Business.” Vietnam has also taken steps to create a more business-friendly environment, streamlining procedures and providing clearer guidelines for foreign investors.

Supply Chain and Logistics Infrastructure

A robust supply chain and efficient logistics infrastructure are vital components of a successful manufacturing ecosystem. Both India and Vietnam offer strategic geographical advantages that enable businesses to optimize their supply chain networks. India’s proximity to the Middle East, Europe, and Africa, coupled with Vietnam’s access to major Asian markets, positions them as valuable manufacturing sources for North American businesses seeking to reduce lead times and delivery delays.

Impact on North American Businesses and Output Delivered

The manufacturing shift from China to India and Vietnam is a strategic move for North American businesses. By diversifying their manufacturing sources, these businesses can reduce their dependence on a single location, mitigating risks associated with supply chain disruptions. The proximity of India and Vietnam to North American markets allows for quicker delivery of goods, enhancing customer satisfaction.

Embracing New Horizons: India and Vietnam as Manufacturing Powerhouses

The rise of India and Vietnam as manufacturing sources marks a significant shift in the global manufacturing landscape. With competitive labor costs, skilled workforces, supportive governments, robust infrastructure, and strategic locations, these countries have much to offer North American businesses seeking to optimize their supply chains. The manufacturing journey in India and Vietnam isn’t just about cost savings and embracing quality, innovation, and efficiency.

In this context, Zetwerk, a prominent player in the manufacturing and supply chain solutions industry, plays a pivotal role. Zetwerk’s expertise in connecting businesses with reliable manufacturing partners in India and Vietnam empowers North American businesses to access high-quality production capabilities without compromising on speed and efficiency. With Zetwerk’s assistance, businesses can tap into the advantages these emerging manufacturing sources offer, streamlining their operations and bolstering their competitiveness.

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India and Vietnam have emerged as manufacturing sources due to their competitive labor costs, skilled workforce, favorable government policies, and improving infrastructure, making them attractive options for businesses diversifying their supply chains.

India and Vietnam offer cost advantages due to their lower labor costs than developed countries. India’s vast labor pool and Vietnam’s rising skill levels contribute to their competitiveness in the global manufacturing landscape.

India excels in sectors like automotive, pharmaceuticals, electronics, and aerospace, while Vietnam’s strengths lie in textiles, electronics, footwear, and furniture manufacturing. This diversity allows businesses to find suitable production options.

India’s “Make in India” initiative and Vietnam’s tax incentives, streamlined regulations, and special economic zones showcase their commitment to supporting manufacturing. These policies attract foreign investment and foster growth.

Zetwerk facilitates connections between businesses and reliable manufacturing partners in India and Vietnam. With its expertise, Zetwerk enables North American businesses to access high-quality production capabilities and optimize their supply chains for efficiency and competitiveness.