Automotive or auto forging involves compressive force to form steel into car part shapes. The automotive industry relies on forged steel auto parts because vehicle production requires durable parts.
Forged steel is used to make automotive parts such as:
- Crankshafts (the shaft in an engine that converts the motion of the piston into rotational motion)
- Axle components (which connect a wheel to the vehicle frame)
- Joints (which combine two or more pieces of a vehicle), and
- Bearings (which support rotating or moving parts)
Forged steel is also helpful for controlling torque, which means a force that causes rotation. Forging steel, aluminum, titanium, and other alloys can create a limited variety of three-dimensional shapes. Impression die forgings are usually made on mighty hammers and mechanical and hydraulic presses. Automotive parts are produced by bending operations on finished dies. Unique forging processes may be needed for temperature-sensitive materials such as refractory & titanium alloys, magnesium, and nickel-based superalloys.
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How Are Forged Automotive Parts Made?
Forged automotive parts are made by shaping metal using high pressure and heat. This process, known as forging, creates strong and reliable parts than parts made using other manufacturing techniques, such as casting or machining. Forged auto parts are often used in high-stress applications, such as suspension components, drivetrain, and brake systems. They are also used in manufacturing performance vehicles, where strength and durability are essential. It is important to use genuine, high-quality forged automotive parts to ensure the safety and reliability of a car. Using counterfeit or low-quality forged parts can pose a risk to the vehicle and its occupants.
Critical Benefits Of Forged Auto Parts
There are several benefits to using forged automotive parts:
- Weight reduction: Forged parts can be designed to be lighter than comparable cast or machined parts, improving a vehicle’s performance and fuel efficiency.
- Customization: Forging allows for creating complex, custom shapes that may not be possible with other manufacturing techniques. This can allow for the production of unique, and specialized parts.
- Strength and durability: Forged parts are stronger and more durable than parts made using other manufacturing techniques, making them ideal for high-stress applications.
- Improved performance: Forged automotive parts are designed to withstand the rigors of high-performance driving and are often used in performance vehicles.
- Cost-effectiveness: While forged auto parts may have a higher upfront cost than cast or machined parts, they often have a longer lifespan and require fewer replacements, making them cost-effective in the long run.
Auto Forging Market Trends
The market for automotive parts is expected to grow over the next five years, driven by improving assembly and a growing desire for a better driving experience. The deceleration in the production of vehicles and rising adoption of metal-forming processes by automotive OEMs are expected to affect the worldwide auto forging market. Manufacturers will continue to create opportunities for themselves in the auto forging market by creating new and improved products. The trends in the auto forging market are as follows:
Improving the assembly of automotive parts : The automotive aftermarket is rapidly changing as the expectations of customers change, new technologies are introduced, and businesses compete. These changes are expected to alter how customers, auto parts suppliers, and other companies in the automotive aftermarket view cars and driving. Furthermore, technological advances and changes in the aftermarket will likely revolutionize the auto forging market. These factors, coupled with an increasing demand for auto parts worldwide, will drive growth in the automotive forging market over the next few years.
The better driving experience continues to grow : The automotive supply industry— which supplies finished products to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs)—is expected to drive demand for forged automotive parts. The consumer’s desire for affordable transportation has led to the introduction of a variety of electric vehicles, which are light in weight and ideal for short-distance travel.
Forging is a casting process that creates mechanical parts with good strength, toughness, flexibility, and stability. Zetwerk manufactures all auto forgings to your specifications as an ISO-certified forging company. We take the time to understand your needs and deliver a comprehensive service that includes tool and die-making, heat treatment, machining, and forging. Working closely with our automotive customers, Zetwerk designs, manufactures, finishes, and tests forgings used in automobile production.