Cold die casting, better known as cold chamber die casting, is a manufacturing technique for projects that involve metals with high melting points and corrosive properties. Materials such as aluminum alloys, zinc alloys, brass, magnesium, and copper are the perfect fit for this process. The cold chamber die casting process can produce a wide range of shapes and components with high precision. But the question is, how to select the right material to achieve the desired results? This guide explains the factors and considerations needed to decide this.

What Properties to Look for When Choosing Cold Die Casting Materials

Cold die casting has a broader material compatibility compared to hot chamber die casting. Even then, the material chosen must meet certain parameters. Here are some of the most vital ones.

Mechanical Properties

Before selecting a material for cold die casting, consider its mechanical properties like strength, ductility, toughness, and hardness. These properties determine how well the material can handle the load and stress during the process.

With the right mechanical properties, you can ensure better quality and cost-effectiveness. A carefully chosen material will result in a strong and durable end product.

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Cost of Production

It’s important to choose a material that fits the project budget while guaranteeing product quality and durability. Otherwise, it might lead to issues like increased production time and high scrap rates. If not taken care of, this factor alone can derail a project.

Production Volume

Consider the production volume when choosing a material for the cold chamber die casting process. Some materials suit high-volume production, while others are better for low-volume. Selecting the right material is vital for high-quality components.

The material choice depends on production volume. High-volume needs durable materials with resistance to wear. This leads to cost savings, better product performance, and longer component life. Make a wise material selection to ensure efficient and successful production of top-notch components.

Product Characteristics

Each metal has distinct characteristics that make them suitable for different applications. When choosing a metal for die casting, consider the desired nature of the finished part.

Does it need to have a high load-bearing capacity? If yes, then high-strength metals like copper and zinc might be ideal. Will the part be subjected to temperature extremes? If yes, then metals with high thermal conductivity like aluminum and magnesium might be the best option.

The Product Design

Getting the material selection right is vital to achieving the desired shape and size of the final product. Different materials may suit specific product designs better than others. When making your material choice, consider factors like product size, shape, and function.

Products requiring high strength, heat resistance, or corrosion resistance may benefit from specific materials. Other product designs may demand greater ductility or conductivity.

Environmental Factors

Environmental factors of the process are an important factor. The temperature, humidity, and chemical exposure at play during the process matter. Certain materials perform better in harsh or extreme conditions, while others may not withstand them. It’s crucial to consider the specific environmental conditions the material will encounter. By accounting for these factors the material will maintain its functionality and integrity.


The world is increasingly focusing on sustainability in manufacturing. The environmental impact of the material is a major point to take account of. Choose materials that have the least impact on the environment.

Corrosion Resistance

The material chosen should also be checked for its corrosion resistance. This depends on the application of the end product. Metals with low corrosion resistance can cause it to degrade over time. It will affect the quality, strength, and durability of the end product.

A material with high corrosion resistance will ensure long-lasting performance. The use of the end product will determine the corrosion resistance needed for the material.

Most Common Types of Materials Used in Cold Chamber Die Casting

Cold chamber die casting handles metal alloys with high melting points. Metals preferred for the cold die casting process are aluminum, magnesium, and copper. Some zinc alloys with a large aluminum percentage may require a cold-chamber machine.

  • Aluminum Die Casting: Aluminum is widely used due to its lightweight, high strength, and corrosion resistance. It also has high thermal conductivity.
  • Zinc Die Casting: Popular for complex shapes and high precision. It’s lightweight with good mechanical properties.
  • Magnesium Die Casting: This lightweight material is often used in the automotive and aerospace industry. It’s highly resistant to corrosion with good thermal and electrical conductivity.

Key Takeaways

Choosing the right materials for the cold die casting process is crucial for precise and high-quality products. The factors discussed above can help identify the material compatible with the project’s budget, volume, and desired outcomes.

Material selection for cold die casting requires one to consider multiple variables. And it can demand a lot of attention during pre-production planning. Leaving this very critical process in the hands of die casting specialists like Zetwerk can relieve manufacturers of the burdens of material selection.

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Non-ferrous metals with high melting points are most suitable for cold chamber die casting. Examples of such metals include aluminum, magnesium, copper, and zinc alloys.

Consider material properties like strength, ductility, and cost. Assess environmental factors and production needs. Ensure the material matches casting requirements for optimal results.

The most suitable metal for cold die casting is aluminum. Aluminum has a very high melting point, which makes it ideal for this process.

The two basic die casting methods are called hot chamber die casting method and cold chamber die casting.

The advantages of die casting include high production rates, precision, complex shapes, and excellent surface finish. It’s cost-effective and ideal for mass production.